Millions of people worldwide have AMD. It's a leading cause of vision impairment among older people in the developed world.AMD is divided into two categories, dry and wet, both of which need treatment to control deterioration of the condition. neither form is painful.For wet AMD, common treatments include photodynamic therapy or the use of anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) agents to suppress any advancement of the condition.Anti-VEGF medicines are injected into the eye by a eye-care professional to slow the loss of vision by acting against the VEGF protein, which is one cause of abnormal blood vessels developing under the retina. So it's comforting to know that vision loss and permanent damage can be avoided if AMD is detected and treated early. But it's important to remember that even after successful treatment, patients aren't in the clear. They'll need to monitor their vision with regular check-ups because AMD could recur after full recovery. People of all ages should seek regular eye check-ups; it's definitely the best way to protect your vision.
If you have a family history of macular degeneration, or are starting to see early signs of the disease, your best bet is to load up on food sources of vision-friendly nutrients. People who ate a diet rich in vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, and zinc had a 35 percent reduced risk of developing macular degeneration compared with people who ate an average diet.And those who ate worse-than-normal diets, with low levels of those nutrients, actually had a 20 percent increased risk of disease.I highly recommend that those with a family history of macular degeneration follow the food plan for high-antioxidant, high-zinc foods to reduce their risk
At present there is no known method of preventing its occurrence. However, there are studies that suggest that adjustments in lifestyle may help reduce the risk of developing AMD. Regular eye exams may allow for early diagnosis of AMD. Individuals at risk-for example, those with degenerative vision loss in one eye, soft drusen, or positive family history-should have regular eye examinations by an eye care professional after the age of 50 and self-monitor their vision daily with the use of an Amsler grid. Without self-monitoring, a person may not realize his or her vision is impaired until the disease has reached advanced stages.
Researchers found that people who consumed the highest quantity of spinach, collard greens and other dark green leafy vegetables foods that are rich in carotenoids, were less likely to have the advanced form of AMD, compared with people in the study who ate the least amounts of these foods. The findings also suggest that people should not rely on vitamin supplements as their main source for vitamins, minerals and nutrients, but instead should eat a balanced diet that includes a wide range of vegetables.