As a mother of a newborn, personally I think there are three kind of common infants' eye problems. The first one is clogged tear duct. It's common for newborn tear ducts to clog and for tears to overflow onto a baby's cheeks. The remedy: Apply a warm compress to the inner corner of the eye and massage it gently. If you see crusting when your baby wakes up, just wipe it away with a damp cotton ball. But if pus drainage and crusting last throughout the day, call your doctor. The second is crossed eyes. Many babies cross their eyes because the muscles that control them are still weak. However, if your child is 4 months old or older and frequently cross-eyed, or if it occurs at the same time each day or during the same activity, an eye exam is warranted. The third is infection. If the whites of one or both of your tot's eyes are very red, and perhaps crusty or draining pus, he may have conjunctivitis (pinkeye), a contagious bacterial infection. Call the doctor ASAP. A prescription topical ointment usually relieves it in just a couple of days.
Pink eye is a common eye problem of baby eyes, the cause maybe a virus or bacteria. If baby has a viral infection, wait three to five days before sending her back to school, but just 24 hours if her infection is bacterial. The other common problem is blocked tear duct, as baby develops in utero, the tissue inside the tear duct sloughs off and leaves a hollow core. If that doesn't happen, the tissue remains and blocks the duct.in this case, you can use a warm, wet cloth to clean the eyes whenever you see discharge. A blocked duct usually opens on its own, and discharge lessens over time. If it hasn't completely dissipated by the time your child is 12 to 18 months, she may need surgery.
I also agree with above answer. I think some infants will have refractive errors.Refractive errors can cause decreased vision, eyestrain, or amblyopia. Fortunately, refractive errors such as nearsightedness and farsightedness can often be corrected in school-age children by means of wearing eyeglasses. Uncorrected, these errors can make some issues such as amblyopia worse, and can persevere into adulthood. The ability to correct refractive errors early makes early detection important.