Well, yes, teething can cause eye pain. Generally speaking, teething can just lead to eye infection. So if you get eye infection, it is possible to have eye pain. In some cases, it can also lead to red, itchy eyes. That also leads to pink eyes. By the way, you should know that watery eyes can be the symptom too. When your tear glands are disordered because of teething, it may develop dry eye syndrome, leading to watery eyes. For your situation, just go and see the eye doctor and he can just give some eye exam.
It seems that your teething has caused you a lot of trouble. So, it is true that sometimes teething could give rise to some headaches, earaches, as well as painful eyes, because you should know that all these organs are connected by nerves which could affect one another when the situation is serious. Anyway, you should try to consult a doctor and get some pills to take.