There is little chance that color blindness can cause other health problems. Because color blindness is caused by a separated inherited defect of the light and color receptors of the eye. It will not cause any other problems in the body.
To be honest, it is an inherited defect, so it won't any health problems in your body. If you get color blindness, you should be careful with the risk of some external hazard in your environment because you are unable to detect them due to the color vision defect.