Firstly, you need to make sure what kind of foreign object penetrate your eyes. If a foreign object such as metal or a fish hook penetrates your eye, visit the emergency room/urgent care center right away. You could cause even more injury to your eye if you attempt to remove the object yourself or if you rub your eye.If possible, try loosely taping a paper cup or eye shield over your eye for protection; then seek help. Your eye also may have corneal foreign bodies that are small, sharp pieces of a substance (usually metal) that have become embedded in the eye's surface (cornea), but have not penetrated into the interior of the eye.Metal foreign bodies can quickly form a rust ring and a significant scar. Your eye doctor should remove these foreign bodies as soon as possible.
If you have a foreign object in your eye, prompt diagnosis and treatment will help prevent infection and potential loss of vision. This is especially important in extreme or intraocular cases. If you have a foreign object embedded in your eye, or you are helping someone who has this problem, it is important to get medical help immediately.
Anyone who has felt as if there was a grain of sand in his or her eye has probably had a foreign body. Foreign bodies might be superficial, or in more serious injuries, they may penetrate the eye. Fortunately, the cornea has such an incredible reflex tearing system that most superficial foreign bodies are naturally flushed out with our natural tears. But if the object is more deeply embedded, medical attention is required. If a foreign object becomes embedded within the cornea, conjunctiva, or sclera, a medical professional must remove it. Attempting to remove it yourself is dangerous and could result in a permanent scar that could affect your vision.
A foreign body is an object in your eye that shouldn't be there, such as a speck of dust, wood chip, metal shaving, insect or piece of glass. The common places to find a foreign body are under the eyelid or on the surface of your eye. Don't try to remove a foreign body yourself. Go straight to your doctor or the nearest hospital emergency department for help.Medical treatment generally includes:
The doctor or nurse checks your vision. Once they find the foreign body, they gently remove it after numbing the eye with anaesthetic eye drops. If it is central or deep, they will arrange for you to see an ophthalmologist (specialist eye doctor) to have it removed.Your eye may be washed in saline (sterile salt water) to flush out any dust and dirt.X-rays may be done to check whether an object has entered your eyeball.Your eye is patched to allow it to rest and any scratches to heal.You should not drive until the eye patch is removed.Your doctor will want to see you again to check that your eye is healing and that your vision is all right. You should not miss this appointment. Even though you may feel better, your eye may not have fully healed. The follow-up is needed to make sure the treatment is working.If there are any serious problems, or a residual rust ring, you will be sent to an ophthalmologist. Self-care at home after treatment for foreign bodies in eyes.Self-care at home after treatment for foreign bodies in eyes. Don't drive with an eye patch on-it can be very difficult to judge distances properly.You may take the patch off-usually after about two hours for a foreign body or on the next day for a corneal ulcer or abrasion, or as instructed by your doctor.You may have some discomfort in the eye. You can take pain-relieving medication that contains paracetamol. Check the packet for instructions. Avoid working with machinery or at heights. You may be advised to use drops or ointment to stop infection. Follow your doctor's advice as to how often to put them in. You will need to continue the treatment until your eye has healed.